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Rudolf Steiner 1861-1925

Rudolf Steiner was born on February 27, 1861 in what is now Croatia and died on March 30, 1925 in Dornach, Switzerland.

Words to describe the work of Rudolf Steiner: unusual – not easy to approach – filled with stimulating ideas. His monumental projects of drafting an alternative science, a new pedagogy, new perspectives in medicine and agriculture have entered into the spiritual heritage of the present time. They live in today's cultural life as an impulse and an inspiration.

The philosopher, scientist and Goethe scholar Rudolf Steiner developed Anthroposophy as a «science of the spirit.» An individual path of spiritual development, Christcentered at its esoteric core, its fruits are visible in art, social forms and practical initiatives.

[Translate to en:] 1879-83 Wien

1879-83 Vienna

Studied at the Technical College, Vienna, initially with the aim of of becoming a secondary school teacher. Main subjects: mathematics, physics, botany, zoology, chemistry, and besides this literature, history and philosophy.


[Translate to en:] 1890-97 Weimar

1890-97 Weimar

Worked at the Goethe and Schiller Archives. Edited some parts of Goethe’s work on natural science which appeared 1891–1896.

Meetings with Hermann Grimm, Ernst Haeckel and Eduard von Hartman, friendship with the poetess Gabriele Reuter, Conrad Ansorge, a pupil of Liszt, John Henry Kackay, the biographer of Stirmer, Fritz Koegel, Nietzsche’s editor for the Cotta’s Library Edition.

Für die «Cotta’sche Bibliothek der Weltliteratur» besorgt Steiner eine zwölfbändige Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke Schopenhauers sowie eine Jean-Paul-Ausgabe in acht Bänden. In der Reihe «Berliner Klassiker Ausgaben» (mit «Einleitungen namhafter Literaturhistoriker») erscheinen die Werke Wielands und Uhlands, herausgegeben und eingeleitet by Rudolf Steiner.

[Translate to en:] 1891-92


Awarded Dr. Phil. by Prof. Heinrich von Stein at the University of Rostock with his dissertation ‘The basic question of theory of knowledge with special reference to Fichte’s theory of knowledge; introduction to an understanding of philosophcial self-consciousness’, published in 1892 under the title ‘Truth and Knowledge; introduction to a “Philosophy of Freedom”’ dedicated to Eduard von Hartmann.

[Translate to en:] 1893


His main philosophic work, Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path, appears in autumn.


[Translate to en:] 1894-1896


Visits and works in the Nietzsche Archives in Naumburg. Acquaintance with Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, who wants to convince Steiner to co-publish her brother’s works. Encounters with the ailing Nietzsche. Steiner’s Nietzsche monograph, Friedrich Nietzsche, a Fighter Against His Time, appears in 1895.


[Translate to en:] 1897
[Translate to en:] 1897-1900 Berlin

1897-1900 Berlin

Publisher and editor of Magazin für Literatur and Dramaturgischen Blätter, the official organ of the German Stage Union. There and elsewhere, numerous articles on literary and philosophical questions, as well as theater and book reviews.





[Translate to en:] 1898-1905
[Translate to en:] 1899-1904


Teaches at the school for workers founded by Wilhelm Liebknecht in Berlin. From 1902 also in Spandau. Subjects: History, Speaking Practice, Literature, Science. Encounter with Kurt Eisner and Rosa Luxemburg among others.

[Translate to en:] 1900


The first volume of Welt- und Lebensanschauungen im neunzehnten Jahrhundert appears; the second follows one year later. Revised and expanded, this work appears in 1914 under the title, The Riddles of Philosophy.

Lectures in the Theosophical Library on Goethe’s Fairy Tale and Nietsche. In autumn, he begins a lecture cycle on mysticism.

First encounter with Marie von Sivers, who becomes his closest colleague from 1902 onward. She had trained in the art of recitation at a Paris conservatory and in Dramatic Art in St. Petersburg. She is translator of several works by Edouard Schuré.

[Translate to en:] 1901-1902


Mysticism in Modern Thought appears. His second lecture cycle held in the Theosophical Library in 1901/02 also appears, adapted to book form, under the title, Christianity as a Mystical Fact.
Steiner becomes a member of the Theosophical Society and General Secretary of the German Section of the Theosophical Society from October 1902 onward.
Encounter with Annie Besant.


[Translate to en:] 1902-04


Teaches at an independent college founded by the Friedrichshageners Bruno Wille and Wilhelm Bölsche.

[Translate to en:] 1902-12


Together with Marie von Sivers, builds up theosophical lodges inside and outside of Germany. Lively lecture activity, both for the public and for members of the Theosophical Society.

Founds, publishes and edits the monthly, Luzifer, later called Lucifer-Gnosis (1903). Certain fundamental works appear there in serial form, such as How to Know Higher Worlds, From the Akasha Chronicle, Theosophy and the Social Question, The Education of the Child and Levels of Higher Knowledge. These appeared later in book form.

Friendship with Christian Morgenstern and Edouard Schuré. Encounter with Wassily Kandinsky.

Each winter, public lecture cycles in Berlin’s Architektenhaus, e.g.: “Origin and Goal of the Human Being,” “Metamorphoses of the Soul,” “Answers of Spiritual Science to the Great Questions of Existence.”

[Translate to en:] 1904


Theosophy appears, a central anthroposophical work. It is an introduction to supersensible knowledge of the world and human destination.




[Translate to en:] 1907 Kongress der Internationalen Theosophischen Gesellschaft


Directs and produces Schuré’s The Holy Drama of Eleusis, with Marie Steiner in the lead role, as part of a congress of the International Theosophical Society in Munich, organized by him. He also decorates the hall artistically in a way that reveals his future building and art impulse.

[Translate to en:] 1910


Publication of his research into questions concerning cosmology and evolutionary history raised by An Outline of Esoteric Science.

[Translate to en:] 1910-13
[Translate to en:] 1913-19
[Translate to en:] 1917
[Translate to en:] 1919
[Translate to en:] 1920-25
[Translate to en:] 1922-23
[Translate to en:] 1924-25